Recommended Material

On Equity @ Work

"Women Entrepreneurship Development in Yemen: The Role of Decision-Making Empowerment" - Abeer Al-Radami, Mohammed Saleh Al-Abed (2021)

This research was conducted to examine the impact of decision-making empowerment on women's entrepreneurship development in Yemen. Two dimensions of decision-making empowerment were used; economic decision-making and household decision-making empowerment. The results of the correlational analysis show that there is a clear strong positive correlation between decision-making empowerment and women entrepreneurship development. In addition, the two dimensions; economic decision-making, and household decision-making, have a significant relationship with women's entrepreneurship development. It can be concluded that empowering women by allowing them to participate in economic and household decision-making appears to be one of the important factors for developing women's entrepreneurship in particular, which in turn will help reduce poverty as well as achieve economic growth.


"Women in Hadramawt Organize to Alleviate Travel Restrictions, Providing a Model for Civic Engagement" - Mohammed al-Katheri (2022)

The Hadramawt Women for Peace campaign succeeded by establishing mechanisms for managing its messaging and initiatives, through which it was able to bring the attention of officials and decision-makers to bear on the damage caused by the closure of Al-Rayyan International Airport and eastern Al-Dhabba road. Its influence extended still further, contributing to a changing societal perception of the role of women. The team was able to demonstrate that when given the opportunity, women are more than capable of managing political advocacy campaigns, influencing Yemeni society and building peace.

"Grassroots Voices: Women and Everyday Peacebuilding in Yemen" - Maryam Alkubati, Huda Jafar and Esham Al-Eryani (2023)

This study aims, through a community-focused approach, to define the concept of peace from the perspective of Yemenis based on their real-life experiences. It also seeks to propose measures that ensure enhancing the role of women in peacebuilding and finding ways to reduce local practices and policies that perpetuate violence and gender inequality.

The study heavily relies on feminist literature that emphasizes the pivotal role of women's daily "hidden" practices - such as childbirth, daily routines, caregiving, meeting basic human needs, negotiating to mitigate inequality, and resolving conflicts - in promoting social cohesion. These aspects have not received the recognition they deserve or have been adequately addressed in previous research.

On Conflict, Peacebuilding & Coexistence

"The Role of Women in Peacebuilding in Yemen" - Iman al-Gawfi, Bilkis Zabara & Stacey Philbrick Yadav, CARPO, (2020)

Throughout five years of war, Yemeni women have engaged in a broad range of activities that contribute to social cohesion and informal peacebuilding in their communities. While they may not always describe their work in such terms, women are already laying foundations for sustainable peace through everyday practices that have the capacity to help transform the landscape of women's rights in the post-war period. Based on interviews and focus groups conducted in the summer and fall of 2019, this Brief reviews variations in women's experience of conflict and participation in everyday peacebuilding in different parts of the country.

"In Yemen, Women Face Added Challenges Posed by COVID-19 Amidst Ongoing Armed Conflict" - UNWOMEN (2020)

The topic on the UN Women page deals with the additional challenges faced by women in Yemen as a result of the outbreak of the Covid-19 epidemic in light of the continuation of the war, and also provides links to other topics related to women in Yemen.


"In the Midst of War, Yemeni Women are Creating Opportunities" - Care International (2019) 

The topic reviews the success stories of women in the economic and entrepreneurial side of Yemen, in light of war and conflicts, and how women create economic opportunities for them

"Protection, Participation and Potential: Women and Girls in Yemen’s War" - IRC (2019)

This brief argues that the war in Yemen is having a devastating impact on women and girls and that failure to include a stronger focus on gender considerations in the humanitarian response is causing irreparable damage to their lives. It makes four recommendations to all humanitarian actors.

"A Gendered Crisis: Understanding the Experiences of Yemen's War" - Dr. Fawziah Al-Ammar, Hannah Patchett & Shams Shamsan (2019)

The study reviews several topics related to war and gender in Yemen. Among the topics covered in the study are:

- The effects of the economic crisis on gender
- The war on the youth of Yemen
- The gender impact of conflict on youth
- Few Safe Spaces: Gender-Based Violence
- Social at home, in the community
- Violence against women and girls
- Sexual violence against boys
- Escaping from the Punishment

"Women in Conflict Resolution and Peacebuilding in Yemen" - Maha Awad & Nuria Shuja'adeen | Edited by Sawsan Al-Refai (2019)

This study shows evidence of positive changes in the roles and responsibilities of women and men as a direct consequence of the prolonged conflict and war. An increased appreciation of women’s roles in responding to the effects of conflict, both inside homes and outside in communities, was also proven.


"Conflict and Gender Dynamics in Yemen" - Brigitte Rohwerder (2017)

The report sheds light on the dimensions of the conflict and its impact on gender in Yemen since the outbreak of the war until 2017. The report addresses four main axes, the first of which is an overview of Yemen, the second is the situation of gender in Yemen, the third is the situation of gender in the current conflict, and the fourth is the relationship of gender in Peace building process in Yemen. The report addresses how conflict affects different gender-related issues such as early marriage, displacement, gender-based violence and the impact of conflict on living life.

"Building Inclusive Peace: Gender at the Heart of Conflict Analysis" - Saferworld (2016) 

The paper deals with the roles of women and their participation in three countries, Myanmar, Libya and Yemen, in an analytical way related to the violence issues that these countries are going through.

On Gender Dynamics in Society

"Women's Empowerment Comes Through Higher Education" - Amal Abdullah (2021)

The article deals with the situation of girls with education in Yemen and covers the following topics:

- Empowerment of women comes through higher education
- Gender norms in Yemen: obstacles to education
- With puberty, girls are said to be ready for marriage
- The importance of higher education to participate
- Yemeni women stand to lose all the progress that has been made

"The Life Phases of a Yemeni Woman" - Marta Colburn (2021)

The study "Stages of Yemeni Women's Life" deals with the life cycle of women in Yemen, from birth to puberty until she becomes a fully-fledged woman, as well as the motherhood stage for Yemeni women. The study reviews the challenges facing girls and women at every stage of the life cycle of women in Yemen and what changes have occurred during the current crisis that the country is going through. The study concludes with conclusions and recommendations on how to contribute to supporting women in Yemen.

"Gendered Security:  Gender-based Violence and Women’s Access to State and Non-state Security Provision in al-Dhali’" - Ghaidaa Motahar (2020)

The study of gender-based violence and women’s access to governmental and non-governmental security provision in Al-Dhale’e, deals with several issues related to the city of Al-Dhalea-Yemen, which are as follows:

- The deterioration of livelihoods puts women at risk
- Gender-based violence in Al Dhale'e remains unrecognized
- Gender access to formal security provision
- Women's access to unofficial security agencies


"Women & Covid-19" - Yemen Peace School organization (2020)

This report studies the gender impact of COVID-19 in terms of health, economic opportunities, and violence.